DISKRIMINASI RAS DALAM FILM THE HELP KARYA TATE TAYLOR (Kajian Feminisme)

  • Fanny Ariesta Universitas Negeri Jakarta
  • Liliana Muliastuti1 Universitas Negeri Jakarta
Keywords: anti oppressionist, feminism, film, racial discrimination, womanism

Abstract

Abstrak
Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meneliti dan menjelaskan unsur-unsur intrinsik dan
diskriminasi ras yang terdapat dalam film The Help karya Tate Taylor berdasarkan kajian
feminisme. Diskriminasi ras dikaji berdasarkan teori womanisme dari Layli Philips.
Penelitian ini merupakan penelitian kualitatif dengan menggunakan metode analisis isi.
Temuan dalam penelilitian ini mencakup (1) unsur fiksi yakni unsur intrinsik dalam film
The Help karya Tate Taylor meliputi penokohan, tema, alur dan latar (2) usaha-usaha yang
dilakukan perempuan dalam menghadapi diskriminasi ras digambarkan dalam film The
Help karya Tate Taylor berdasarkan unsur-unsur fiksi (3) bentuk-bentuk perilaku
diskriminasi ras yang digambarkan dalam film The Help karya Tate Taylor berdasarkan
unsur-unsur fiksi. Teori womanisme yang digunakan untuk mengkaji film The Help,
melawan tiga bentuk penindasan yakni penindasan ras, kelas sosial dan gender. Konsep anti
oppressionist digunakan untuk menganalisis usaha-usaha yang dilakukan perempuan kulit
hitam untuk berjuang melawan penindasan. Hasil dari penelitian ini diharapkan dapat
berguna dalam proses pembelajaran bahasa dan sastra, khususnya kajian feminisme
sehingga dapat meningkatkan kemampuan peserta didik maupun pembaca dalam
memahami sastra.
Kata kunci : anti oppresionist,diskriminasi ras,feminisme,film,womanisme.
Abstract
This research is aimed to analyze and explain intrinsic elements and racial discrimination
in The Help movie by Tate Taylor based on the study of feminism. Racial discrimination is
examined based on theory of womanism by Layli Philips. This research was qaulitative
research which used content analysis method. The findings of this research are included (1)
to describe fiction elements (intrinsic elements) in The Help movie directed by Tate Taylor
as follows, character, theme, plot and setting (2) to analyze black women’s struggles when
faced racial discrimination in The Help movie based on fiction elements (3) to reveal forms
of racial discrimination in The Help movie based on fiction elements. The theory of
womanism is used to analyze three kind of oppression as follows : racial discrimination,
social class and gender in The Help movie. The concept of anti oppressionist is used to
analyze black women’s struggle in facing oppression. The result of this research is expected
to be useful in the process of learning language and literature. It especially focused on the
theory of feminism in order to improve the ability of learners and readers in understanding
literature.
keywords : anti oppressionist, feminism, film, racial discrimination, womanism.

Author Biographies

Fanny Ariesta, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Program Pascasarjana S2

Liliana Muliastuti1, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Fakultas Bahasa dan Seni

Published
2017-07-02