Local knowledge of the using tribe farmers in environmental conservation in Kemiren Village, Banyuwangi, Indonesia

  • Agus Prasetyo Utomo Biology Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education,Univesritas Muhammadiyah Jember, Indonesia
  • Mimien Henie Irawati Al Muhdhar Biology Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
  • Istamar Syamsuri Biology Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
  • Sri Endah Indriwati Biology Education, Faculty of Mathematics and Natural Science, Universitas Negeri Malang, Indonesia
Keywords: Environmental management, Local knowledge, Using farmers

Abstract

Using Farmers (Banyuwangi ethnic community) in Kemiren Village uses their ancestral knowledge in utilizing natural resources and the environment so that its sustainability is maintained. This study aims to identify the local knowledge of Using farmers in Kemiren Village, Banyuwangi Indonesia which plays a role in preserving their natural resources and environment. The study uses a qualitative approach and the data collection using documentation, interview, and field observation techniques. Data analysis uses methods cross-referenced and repeated information. Local knowledge of Using farmers that used to manage the environment is in the form of values (togetherness, obedience, consensus, fairness and caring), norms (prohibitions/taboo and suggestions in utilizing natural resources), belief (providing labuhan/offerings and selamatan/ritual), and practices in utilizing natural resources. The primary key that plays a role in environmental preservation is a harmonious relationship among farmers.

References

Agatha, A. (2016). Traditional wisdom in land use and resource management among the lugbara of uganda: a historical perspective. Sage Open, 6(3), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.1177%2F2158244016664562

Albuquerque, U.P., de Lucena, R. F. P., & Neto, E. M. D. F. L. (2014). Selection of research participants. In Methods and techniques in ethnobiology and ethnoecology (pp. 1-13). Humana Press, New York, NY. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8636-7

Albuquerque, U.P., Ramos, M. A., de Lucena, R. F. P., & Alencar, N. L. (2014). Methods and techniques used to collect ethnobiological data. In Methods and techniques in Ethnobiology and Ethnoecology (pp. 15-37). Humana Press, New York, NY.. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-1-4614-8636-7

Bamin, Y., & Gajurel, P. R. (2015). Traditional use and conservation of some selected plants used in festivals and rituals in apatani plateau of arunachal pradesh, india. International Journal Of Conservation Science, 6(2), 189-200. Retrieved from http://www.ijcs.uaic.ro/public/IJCS-15-18_Bamin.pdf

Bawole, D., Simbolon, D., Wiryawan, B., & Monintja, D.R. (2014). Local wisdom in utilizing skipjack (katsuwonus pelamis) and scad (decapterus macarellus) in the regency of sitaro archipelago. International Journal of Sciences: Basic and Applied Research, 15(1), 336-349. Retrieved from http://gssrr.org/ index.php?journal=JournalOfBasicAndApplied

Beckford, C., & Barker, D. (2007). The role and value of local Knowledge in Jamaican agriculture: adaptation and change in Small-scale Farming. The Geographical Journal, 173(2), 118-128. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1475-4959.2007.00238.x

Behailu, B. M., Pietilä, P. E., & Katko, T. S. (2016). Indigenous practices of water management for sustainable services: Case of Borana and Konso, Ethiopia. SAGE Open, 6(4), 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1177/2158244016682292

Berkes, F., Colding, J. dan Folke, C. (2000). Rediscovery of traditional ecological knowledge as adaptive management. Ecological Applications, 10(5), 1251-1262. Retrieved from https://www.jstor.org/stable/2641280

Chalim, A. (2012). Lansekap pedesaan kajian tentang kearifan lokal dalam pemanfaatan lahan berkelanjutan dan pengelolaannya. JAL, 3(2), 29-37.

Darusman, Y. (2014). Kearifan lokal dan pelestarian Lingkungan (studi kasus di Kampung Naga, Kabupaten Tasikmalaya, dan di Kampung Kuta, Kabupaten Ciamis), Jurnal Pendidikan dan Kebudayaan, 20(1), 109-118. Retrieved from http://jurnal.unsil.ac.id/index.php/jpls/article/view/129

Eyporsson, E., & Thuestad, AE. (2015). Incorporating traditional knowledge in environmental impact assessment-how can it be done?. Artic Review on Law and Politics, 6(2), 132-150. https://doi.org/10.17585/arctic.v6.101

Gadgil, M., Berkes, F., & Folke, C. (1993). Indigenous knowledge for biodiversity conservation. Ambio, 22(2/3), 151-156. Retrieved from http://www.jstor.org/stable/4314060.

Hariyadi, S., Tamalene, M. N., & Hariyono, A. (2019). Ethnopedagogy of the osing tribe folk song: exploration and formation of biology learning character. Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 12(2), 258-276. https://doi.org/10.21009/biosferjpb.v12n2.258-276

Hazarika, P., Biswas S.C., & Kalita R.K., 2014. A case study on people's choice conservation of biodiversity in homesteads of assam, india. International Research Journal of Biological Sciences, 3(1). 89-94. Retrieved from http://www.isca.in/IJBS/Archive/v3/i1/15.ISCA-IRJBS-2013-225.php

Herawati, I., Sadilah, E., Isyanti,. Adrianto, A., & Sujarno. (2004). Kearifan Lokal di Lingkungan Masyarakat Using, Kabupaten Banyuwangi, Propinsi Jawa Timur. Yogyakarta: Balai Kajian Sejarah dan Nilai Tradisional Yogyakarta.

Heryanto M.A., Supyandi D., & Sukayat, Y. (2018). Agricultural local knowledge system: lesson learn from rural development in Mekarjaya Village, Kabupaten Purwakarta. IOP Conf. Series: Earth and Environmental Science 166(2018) 012046. https://doi.org/10.1088/1755-1315/166/1/012046

Ihenacho, R.A., Orusha, J.O., & Onogu, B. (2019). Rural farmers use of indigenous knowledge systems in agriculture for climate change adaptation and mitigation in Southeast Nigeria. Annals of Ecology and Environmental Science, 3(1), 1-11. https://www.sryahwapublications.com/annals-of-ecology-and-environmental-science/pdf/v3-i1/1.pdf

Iswandono E., Zuhud E.A.M., Hikmat A., Kosmaryandi N., & Wibowo L.R. (2016). Traditional land practice and forest conservation: case study of the manggarai tribe in ruteng mountais, indonesia. International Journal of Indonesian Society and Culture, 8(2), 257-266. https://journal.unnes.ac.id/nju/index.php/

Kaczocha, W., & Sikora, J. (2016). Ecological ethics. values and norms in local rural communities. Journal of Agribusiness and Rural Development, 1(39), 69–78. http://dx.doi.org/10.17306/JARD.2016.8

Kala, C.P. (2013). Traditional ecological knowledge on characteristics, conservation and management of soil in tribal communities of pachmarhi biosphere reserve, India. Journal of Soil Science and Plant Nutrition, 13(1), 201-214. Retrieved from http://www.scielo.cl/pdf/jsspn/v13n1/aop1813.pdf

Koentjaraningrat. (2015). Pengantar Ilmu Antropologi. Jakarta: Rineka Cipta,.

Kurniasari, D.A., Cahyono, E.D., & Yuliati, Y. (2018). Kearifan lokal petani tradisional samin di Desa Klopoduwur, Kecamatan Banjarejo, Kabupaten Blora. Habitat, 29(1), 33-37. https://doi.org/10.21776/ub.habitat.2018.029.1.4

Limba R.S., Lio, A., & Husain, Y. S. (2017). Shifting cultivation system of indigenous moronene as forest conservation on local wisdom principles in Indonesia. Journal of Sustainable Development, 10(4), 121-129. https://doi.org/10.5539/jsd.v10n4p121

Majumder, D., Deka, S.N., Pujari, D. & Das, P.K,. (2013). Traditional knowledge adopted by the farmer for management of rice pests in North bank plain of Assam. Indian Journal of Traditional Knowledge, 12(4), 725-729. Retrieved from http://nopr.niscair.res.in/bitstream/123456789/22186/1/IJTK%2012%284%29%20725-729.pdf

Mulyadi. (2011). Pengaruh kearifan lokal, locus of control, dan motivasi terhadap perilaku berwawasan lingkungan petani dalam mengelola lahan pertanian di Kabupaten Soppeng. Jurnal Manusia dan Lingkungan, 18(1), 60-67. Retrived from https://dev.jurnal.ugm.ac.id/JML/article/view/18436

Nordlund, A. (2009). Values, attitudes, and norms. Drivers in the Future Forests context. External drivers affecting Swedish forests and forestry. Future Forests Working Report, 1-30. Retrieved from https://www.slu.se/globalassets/

Peroni, N., Hanazaki, N., Begossi, A., Zuchiwschi, E., Lacerda, V. D., & Miranda, T. M. (2016). Homegardens in a micro-regional scale: contributions to agrobiodiversity conservation in a urban-rural context. Ethnobiology And Conservation, 5(6), 1-17. doi 10.15451/ec2016-8-5.6-1-17

Kemiren Vilage Profile. (2016). Daftar Isian Potensi Desa. Banyuwangi: Pemerintah Desa Kemiren

Rankoana, S. A. (2016). Sustainable use and management of indigenous plant resources: a case of mantheding community in limpopo province, South Africa. Sustainability, 8 (221), 1-13. https://doi.org/10.3390/su8030221

Saputro, A. B., Purwadi, A., & Marhaedi, S. (2015). Membaca tradisi pertanian masyarakat osing: tata cara pengolahan, ragam ritual, ekspresi dan makna budayanya. dalam sm anasrullah (Ed.), Jagat Osing: Seni, Tradisi & Kearifan Lokal Osing. (pp. 73-108). Banyuwangi: Rumah Budaya Osing.

Siswadi, Taruna T., & Purnaweni, H. (2011). Kearifan lokal dalam melestarikan mata air (studi kasus di Desa Purwogondo, Kecamatan Boja, Kabupaten Kendal). Jurnal Ilmu Lingkungan, 9(2), 63-68. Retrieved from http://www.ejournal.undip.ac.id/index.php/ilmulingkungan/article/viewFile/4070/pdf

Sumarmi. (2015). Local wisdom of osing people in conserving water resource. Jurnal Komunitas, 7(1), 43-51. https://doi.org/10.15294/komunitas.v7i1.3429

Sukmawati., Utaya, S., & Susilo, S. (2015). Kearifan lokal masyarakat adat dalam pelestarian hutan sebagai sumber belajar geografi. Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora, 3(3), 202-208. http://training.um.ac.id/ojs/index.php/jph/article/view/4862

Suparmini., Setyawati, S., & Sumunar, D. R. S. (2013). Pelestarian lingkungan masyarakat baduy berbasis kearifan lokal. Jurnal Penelitian Humaniora, 18(1), 8-22. https://journal.uny.ac.id/index.php/humaniora/article/view/3180/2665

Tamalene, M. N., Al Muhdhar, M. H. I., Suarsini, E., Rahman, F., & Hasan, S. (2016). Ethnobotany of canarium plant species used by tobelo dalam. Biodiversitas Journal of Biological Diversity, 17(1), 61-69. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d170109

Tamalene, M. N., Hasan, S., & Kartika, K. (2019). Local knowledge and community behavior in the exploitation of parrots in surrounding area of aketajawe lolobata national park. Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 12(1), 24-33. https://doi.org/10.21009/biosferjpb.v12n1.24-33

Thamrin, H, (2013). Kearifan lokal dalam pelestarian lingkungan (the local wisdom in environmental sustainable). Kutubkhanah, 6(1), 46-59. Retrieved from http://ejournal.uin-suska.ac.id/index.php/Kutubkhanah/article/view/233

Utomo, A. P., Al Muhdar, M. H. I., Syamsuri, I., & Indriwati, S. E. (2018). Local ecological knowledge in angklung paglak of using community of Banyuwangi, Indonesia. Applied Ecological and Environmental Research, 16(3), 3215-3228. Doi: http://dx.doi.org/10.15666/aeer/1603_32153228

Vandebroek, I., Reyes-García, V., de Albuquerque, U. P., Bussmann, R., & Pieroni, A. (2011). Local knowledge: who cares?. Journal of Ethnobiology and Ethnomedicine, 7(35), 1-7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-7-35

Yuan, Z., Lun, F., He, L., Cao, Z. Min, Q., Bai, Y., Liu, M., Cheng, S., Li, W., Fuller, A. M. (2014). Exploring the state of retention of traditional ecological knowledge (tek) in a hani terrace village, southwest china. Sustainability, 6(7), 4497-4513. https://doi.org/10.3390/su6074497

Published
2020-05-11
How to Cite
Utomo, A. P., Al Muhdhar, M. H. I., Syamsuri, I., & Indriwati, S. E. (2020). Local knowledge of the using tribe farmers in environmental conservation in Kemiren Village, Banyuwangi, Indonesia. Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 13(1), 14 - 27. https://doi.org/10.21009/biosferjpb.v13n1.14-27