Biodiversity of potentially “lalapan” vegetables in Kampung Adat Naga, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia

  • Nurlinda Septiani Biology Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Siliwangi, Indonesia
  • Diana Hernawati Biology Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Siliwangi, Indonesia
  • Rinaldi Rizal Putra Biology Education, Faculty of Teacher Training and Education, Universitas Siliwangi, Indonesia
Keywords: Biodiversity, Ethnobotany, Kampung Naga, Lalapan, Vegetables

Abstract

Kampung Naga is a traditional village or ethnic in Tasikmalaya, Indonesia with a wealth of biodiversity. This ethnic group, with local knowledge, always involves natural richness in everyday life (ethnobotany). However, not many know about utilizing potentially lalapan vegetables that are commonly used daily by the indigenous people of Kampung Naga. Therefore, this research aims to describe the diversity of potentially lalapan vegetables in the ethnobotanical study used by the people of Kampung Adat Naga. Therefore, this research aims to describe the diversity of potentially fresh plants in the ethnobotanical study used by the people of Kampung Adat Naga. The ethnobotanical studies covered include plant species, plant organ parts used, habitus, habitat type, and relative frequency of citation (RFC) calculations. This study was conducted by the qualitative-survey method. The data was analyzed by using an exploratory-descriptive approach and analyzed descriptively quantitatively.  The results showed 46 species of potentially fresh plants commonly used by local people in Kampung Adat Naga and 22 families. The plant's widely used part is the 56% leaf organ, a much-found habitus of 37% herb. For habitat types, as much as 38% are found in gardens. In contrast, the highest RFC value is possessed by species Cucumis sativus L. of 0.93. The local wisdom pattern owned by the Kampung Naga community about planting "lalapan" is a form of fundamental knowledge. Therefore it is essential to maintain its preservation as a form of local cultural diversity.

References

Aswatini, Noveria, M., & Fitranita. (2008). Konsummsi sayur dan buah di masyarakat dalam konteks pemenuhan gizi seimbang. Jurnal Kependudukan Indonesia, 3(2), 97–119.

Bargali, K. (2016). Traditional homegardens as a sustainable ecosystem for maintenance of biodiversity: A case study from Kumaun Himalaya, India. Journal of Biodiversity, 7(2), 88–100. https://doi.org/10.1080/09766901.2016.11884761

Butnariu, M., & Butu, A. (2015). Chemical Composition of Vegetables and Their Products. In Handbook of Food Chemistry (Issue Januari 2015, pp. 1–49). Springer-Verlag Berlin Heidelberg. https://doi.org/10.1007/978-3-642-36605-5

Cahyanto, T., Supriyatna, A., Sholikha, M., Saepuloh, A., & Rahmawati, D. (2018). Inventory of Plants used as lalapan in Subang, West Java. The 9th International Conference on Global Resources Conservation (ICGRC) and AJI from Ritsumeikan University, 1–11. https://doi.org/10.1063/1.5061843

Cita, K. D. (2020). Ethnobotany of food plant used by Sundanese Ethnic in Kalaparea Village, Nyangkewok Hamlet, Sukabumi District, Indonesia. Asian Journal of Ethnobiology, 3(1), 16–22. https://doi.org/10.13057/asianjethnobiol/y030103

Cleary, D. F. R., & DeVantier, L. (2019). Indonesia: Threats to the country’s biodiversity. Encyclopedia of Environmental Health, 3(2), 622–632. https://doi.org/10.1016/B978-0-12-409548-9.11762-2

Darajati, W., Pratiwi, S., Herwinda, E., Radiansyah, A. D., Nalang, V. S., Nooryanto, B., Rahajoe, J. S., Ubaidillah, R., Maryanto, I., Kurniawan, R., Prasetyo, T. A., Rahim, A., Jefferson, J., & Hakim, F. (2016). Indonesian Biodiversity: Strategy and Action Plan 2015 - 2020. Kementerian Perencanaan Pembangunan Nasional/BAPPENAS.

Davis, E. M., Cullen, K. W., Watson, K. B., Konarik, M., & Radcliffe, J. (2009). A fresh fruit and vegetable program improves high school students’ consumption of fresh produce. Journal of the American Dietetic Association, 109(7), 1227–1231. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jada.2009.04.017

De Cortes Sánchez-Mata, M., & Tardío, J. (Eds.). (2016). Mediterranean wild edible plants: ethnobotany and food composition tables. Springer.

Handcock, M. S., & Gile, K. J. (2011). Comment: On the concept of snowball sampling. Sociological Methodology, 41(1), 367-371. https://doi.org/10.1111/j.1467-9531.2011.01243.x

Harashani, H. (2018). Local Wisdom of Kampung Naga in the era of globalization. Journal of Humanities and Social Studies, 2(1), 51–54. https://doi.org/10.33751/jhss.v2i1.823

Hendariningrum, R. (2018). Budaya dan komunikasi kesehatan (studi pandangan kesehatan pada masyarakat sunda dalam tradisi makan lalapan). LUGAS: Jurnal Komunikasi, 2(1), 13–19. https://doi.org/10.31334/jl.v2i1.118

Hidayat, S., Hikmat, A., & Zuhud, E. A. M. (2010). Kajian etnobotani masyarakat Kampung Adat Dukuh Kabupaten Garut, Jawa Barat. Media Konservasi, 15(3), 139–151.

Illiyani, M. (2018). Thinking intellectually, knowing globally, and act locally: The prospect of Kampung Naga as an indigenous village. Jurnal Masyarakat & Budaya, 20(1), 15–30. https://doi.org/10.14203/jmb.v20i1.588

Latifa, R. (2015). Karakter Morfologi Daun Beberapa Jenis Pohon Penghijauan Hutan Kota Di Kota Malang. Prosiding Seminar Nasional Pendidikan Biologi 2015, Yang Diselenggarakan Oleh Prodi Pendidikan Biologi FKIP Universitas Muhammadiyah Malang, Theme: “Peran Biologi Dan Pendidikan Biologi Dalam Menyiapkan Generasi Unggul Dan Berdaya Saing Global”, Malang, 21.

Moore, K. J., Boote, K. J., & Sanderson, M. A. (2016). Physiology and Developmental Morphology. https://doi.org/10.2134/agronmonogr45.c6

Ningrum, E. (2012). Dinamika masyarakat tradisional Kampung Naga di Kabupaten Tasikmalaya. Mimbar, 28(1), 47–54.

Padhy, S., Dash, S. K., Mohapatra, R., Padhy, S., Dash, S. K., & Mohapatra, R. (2017). Ethno-biology : The Science of a Common Man to Explore the Traditional Ecology , Biodiversity and Philosophy of Conservation : A Review Ethno-biology : The Science of a Common Man to Explore the Traditional Ecology , Biodiversity and Philosophy of Conserv. 6901. https://doi.org/10.1080/09766901.2015.11884751

Pieroni, A., Nebel, S., Santoro, R. F., & Heinrich, M. (2005). Food for two seasons: Culinary uses of non-cultivated local vegetables and mushrooms in a south Italian village. In International Journal of Food Sciences and Nutrition. https://doi.org/10.1080/09637480500146564

Putri, L. S. E., Dasumiati, Kristiyanto, Mardiansyah, Malik, C., Leuvinadrie, L. P., & Mulyono, E. A. (2016). Ethnobotanical study of herbal medicine in Ranggawulung Urban Forest, Subang District, West Java, Indonesia. Biodiversitas, 17(1), 172–176. https://doi.org/10.13057/biodiv/d170125

Qodariah, L., & Armiyati, L. (2013). Nilai-nilai kearifan lokal masyarakat adat kampung naga sebagai alternatif sumber belajar. SOCIA: Jurnal Ilmu-Ilmu Sosial, 10(1), 10–20. https://doi.org/10.21831/socia.v10i1.5338

Roosita, K., Kusharto, C. M., Sekiyama, M., Fachrurozi, Y., & Ohtsuka, R. (2008). Medicinal plants used by the villagers of a Sundanese community in West Java, Indonesia. Journal of Ethnopharmacology, 115(1), 72–81. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jep.2007.09.010

Ross, K. (2013). Fuel and food are not made of energy - a constructive view of respiration and combustion. School Science Review.

Slamet, A., Andarias, S. H., Pramesthy, D., Ardyati, I., & Yenni, B. (2020). Potential of local plants in buton island as a source of learning biology. Bioedusiana, 5(1), 26–32. https://doi.org/10.34289/bioed.v5i1.1555

Steenis, C. G. G. J. van. (1962). The land-bridge theory in botany with particular reference to tropical plants. Blumea - Tijdschrift Voor de Systematiek En de Geografie Der Planten.

Sujarwo, W., Arinasa, I. B. K., Caneva, G., & Guarrera, P. M. (2016). Traditional knowledge of wild and semi-wild edible plants used in Bali (Indonesia) to maintain biological and cultural diversity. Plant Biosystems. https://doi.org/10.1080/11263504.2014.994577

Sukenti, K., Hakim, L., Indriyani, S., Purwanto, Y., & Matthews, P. J. (2016). Ethnobotanical study on local cuisine of the Sasak tribe in Lombok Island, Indonesia. Journal of Ethnic Foods, 3(3), 189–200. https://doi.org/10.1016/j.jef.2016.08.002

Tardío, J., & Pardo-De-Santayana, M. (2008). Cultural importance indices: A comparative analysis based on the useful wild plants of southern Cantabria (northern Spain). Economic Botany. https://doi.org/10.1007/s12231-007-9004-5

Umair, M., Altaf, M., & Abbasi, A. M. (2017). An ethnobotanical survey of indigenous medicinal plants in Hafizabad district, Punjab-Pakistan. PloS one, 12(6), e0177912. https://doi.org/10.1371/journal.pone.0177912

Uprety, Y., Asselin, H., Dhakal, A., & Julien, N. (2012). Traditional use of medicinal plants in the boreal forest of Canada: review and perspectives. Journal of ethnobiology and ethnomedicine, 8(1), 7. https://doi.org/10.1186/1746-4269-8-7

Tjitrosoepomo, G. (1998). Taksonomi Umum. In Universitas Gajah Mada.

Widjaja, E. A., Rahayuningsih, Y., Rahajoe, J. S., Ubaidillah, R., Maryanto, I., Walujo, E. B., & Semiadi, G. (2014). Kekinian Keanekaragaman Hayati Indonesia 2014. Pusat Penelitian Biologi Lembaga Ilmu Pengetahuan Indonesia (LIPI).

Published
2020-10-22
How to Cite
Septiani, N., Hernawati, D., & Putra, R. R. (2020). Biodiversity of potentially “lalapan” vegetables in Kampung Adat Naga, Tasikmalaya, Indonesia. Biosfer: Jurnal Pendidikan Biologi, 13(2), 201-215. https://doi.org/10.21009/biosferjpb.v13n2.201-215