Analisis Catcalling Terhadap Compliment Dalam Teori Speech Act

  • Iflah Sekolah Tinggi Ilmu Komunikasi Inter Studi
  • Martani Huseini
  • Kinkin Yuliaty Subarsa Putri
Keywords: catcalling, speech act, street harassment

Abstract

ABSTRACT

 

This study aims to examine and analyze the influence of catcalling on body image state, evaluation appearance and self-objectification on compliment in speech act theory. This phenomenon hoped been able to become a people reasoning in social behavior life also goverment policy and regulation of any type of harassment in Indonesia. Most perceptions consider flirting is normal. This perception arises because of the social construction of Indonesian which considers men are superior to women, causing blurry line on the concept of catcalling in street harassment concept. This study measure body image state (BISS), evaluation appearance (MBSRQ) and self-objectification (ISOS and OBCS) on compliment (ESS). This quantitative research has criteria, women who frequently visit public places with sample consisted of 100 respondents with purposive sampling technique. Data collects through online questionnaires using multiple linear regression analysis method preceded by overview questions as basis for analysis of speech act theory. The results showed that body image state, evaluation appearance and self-objectification did not have a simultaneous or partial effect on compliment, even so the analysis of speech action theory in overview questions showed a good understanding of the concepts, behavior and responses of catcalling and street harassment in general.

Keywords:  catcalling; compliment; speech act; street harassment

 

 

ABSTRAK

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan menguji dan menganalisis pengaruh catcalling dalam citra penampilan tubuh dan trait objektifikasi diri terhadap pujian (compliment) dalam teori speech act. Fenomena ini diharapkan mampu menjadi bahan pertimbangan pengambilan kebijakan pemerintah dalam perilaku sosial serta dapat menegaskan tolak ukur catcalling dalam konsep street harassment di Indonesia. Mayoritas persepsi menganggap bahwa pria menggoda wanita adalah hal biasa. Persepsi tersebut muncul karena kontruksi sosial masyarakat Indonesia yang menganggap pria lebih superior dari pada wanita, menyebabkan garis buram yang terhadap konsep catcalling dalam konsep street harassment. Penelitian ini mengukur catcalling melalui citra tubuh (skala BISS), penampilan (skala MBSRQ) dan trait objektifikasi diri (Skala ISOS dan OBCS) terhadap pujian (skala ESS). Jenis penelitian kuantitatif ini memilliki kriteria responden wanita yang sering mengunjungi ruang publik dengan jumlah responden 100 orang menggunakan teknik pengambilan sampel purposive sampling. Teknik pengumpulan data penelitian melalui kuesioner online dan menggunakan metode analisis regresi linier berganda yang didahului oleh overview questions sebagai dasar analisis teori speech act. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa citra tubuh, penampilan dan trait objektifikasi diri tidak berpengaruh simultan maupun parsial terhadap pujian meskipun demikian analisis teori speech act dalam overview questions menunjukkan pemahaman yang baik tentang konsep dan perilaku catcalling dan street harassment.

Kata Kunci: catcalling; pujian; speech act; street harassment

 

 

Published
2021-12-23
How to Cite
Iflah, Martani Huseini, & Kinkin Yuliaty Subarsa Putri. (2021). Analisis Catcalling Terhadap Compliment Dalam Teori Speech Act. Communicology: Jurnal Ilmu Komunikasi, 9(2), 151 - 173. https://doi.org/10.21009/COMMUNICOLOGY.022.01

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