KREATIVITAS DAN PENERAPAN PERMAINAN TRADISIONAL

  • Dwi Istati Universitas Mataram
Keywords: creativity, social emotional, traditional games, children aged 5-6 years

Abstract

his study aims to improve the creativity of children 5-6 years through traditional games, because the children's creativity is low. The use of traditional games as a solution because it is an existing cultural potential and has not been used well for the stimulation process in PAUD. The study was conducted in the Mutiara Hati Mataram PA B group in 2016, with 16 children. Action research is carried out through three cycles, consisting of four stages, namely planning, action, observation, and reflection. The data collection process is carried out through interview techniques, observation, and document analysis, and analyzed qualitatively. The traditional game that was applied in this study was a traditional game of sasak pucia-cia, kemantenan, lung-lung se, and meow. The results show that the application of traditional games can develop creativity. Creativity that develops for each game characteristic varies according to the game. The game is a fine motoric dominant, small groups can develop creativity in the process and product something. While the game is motorically dominant, large groups show creativity in developing a winning game strategy. Besides creativity, this traditional game can gradually improve children's emotional social skills, especially to manage emotions, empathy, foster relationships, and cooperation. It is recommended for teachers to be able to choose traditional games that are in accordance with the learning objectives.

 

Keyword : creativity, social emotional, traditional games, children aged 5-6 years

 

Abstrak

 

Penelitian ini bertujuan untuk meningkatkan kreativitas anak 5-6 tahun melalui permainan tradisional, karena kemampuan kreativitas anak rendah. Penggunaan permainan tradisional sebagai solusi karena merupakan potensi budaya yang ada dan belum dimanfaatkan dengan baik untuk proses stimulasi di PAUD. Penelitian dilaksanakan di kelompok B PAUD Mutiara Hati Mataram pada tahun 2016, dengan jumlah anak 16 orang. Action research dilakukan melalui tiga siklus, yang terdiri dari empat tahapan, yaitu perencanaan, tindakan, observasi, dan refleksi. Proses pengumpulan data dilakukan melalui teknik wawancara, observasi, dan analisis dokumen, dan dianalisis secara kualitatif.  Permainan tradisional yang diterapkan dalam penelitian ini adalah permainan tradisional sasak pucia-cia, kemantenan, lung-lung se, dan meong begang. Hasil penelitian menunjukkan bahwa penerapan permainan tradisional dapat mengembangkan kreativitas. Kreativitas yang berkembang untuk setiap karakteristik permainan berbeda-beda sesuai permainannya. Permainan yang dominan motoric halus, kelompok kecil dapat mengembangkan kreativitas dalam proses dan produk sesuatu, Sedangkan permainan yang dominan motoric kasar, kelompok besar menunjukkan kreativitas dalam menyusun strategi pemenangan permainan. Selain kreativitas, permainan tradisional ini secara bertahap dapat meningkatkan kemampuan social emosional anak, terutama untuk mengelola emosi, empati, membina hubungan, dan kerjasama.  Disarankan kepada guru untuk dapat memilih permainan tradisional yang sesuai dengan tujuan pembelajarannya.

 

Kata kunci : kreativitas, sosial emosional, permainan tradisional, anak usia 5-6 tahun

 

 

References

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Published
2018-04-25