The Capability Analysis of High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) on Dynamic Electricity Material in Junior High School

  • Ani Rahmawati Program Physical Education Studies, Graduate University of Malang, Indonesia
  • Nur Lailatin Nisfah Program Physical Education Studies, Graduate University of Malang, Indonesia
  • Sentot Kusairi Program Physical Education Studies, State University of Malang, Indonesia
Keywords: high order thinking skills (HOTS), junior high school student, dynamic electricity


The study aims to determine student’s High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) and to find out the causes of student’s HOTS on dynamic electricity material. The number of samples involved 59 students consisting of 30 students from the excellence class and 29 students from the regular class. The research instrument used consisted of 8 Multiple Choice Questions (MCQs). Questions have been validated, and reliability has been tested in the medium category (Alpha Cronbachs: 0.44). The data analyzed using descriptive analysis. The average student’s HOTS is 59.98% indicating the medium category. The results of the student’s HOTS on the analysis provided by students from excellence classes are 71.25% indicating high category and regular class 48.71% indicating medium category. The results of the analysis show that student’s HOTS is on medium category because students having difficulty in making connection one concept to another concept and using mathematics as a tool in solving physics problems. The results as a reference for improving student’s HOTS. This research can be developed by increasing the sample and expanding the material being tested.


Abosalem, Y 2016, ‘Assessment Techniques and Students’ Higher-Order Thinking Skills’, International Journal of Secondary Education, vol. 4, no. 1, pp. 1-11.

Agustini, F & Fajriyah, K 2018, ‘Analisis Keterampilan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Siswa SD Pilot Project Kurikulum 2013 Kota Semarang’ Elementary School, vol. 5, no. 1, pp. 1-6.

Ahmad, S, Prahmana, RCI, Kenedi, AK, Helsa, Y, Arianil, Y, & Zainil, M 2017, ‘The instruments of higher order thinking skills’ Journal of Physics: Conference Series vol. 943, no. 1, p. 012053.

Bakri, F, Ervina, E, & Muliyati, D 2019, ‘Practice the higher-order thinking skills in optic topic through physics worksheet equipped with augmented reality’, AIP Conference Proceedings vol. 2169, p. 020006.

Bakri, F, Pratiwi, S, & Muliyati, D 2019, ‘Video-enriched worksheet based on augmented reality technology: The heat experiment is easier’, AIP Conference Proceedings vol. 2169, p. 020010.

Bakri, F, Sumardani, D, & Muliyati, D 2019, ‘Integrating augmented reality into worksheets: Unveil learning to support higher-order thinking skills’, AIP Conference Proceedings vol. 2169, p. 020012.

Fitriani, W, Bakri, F, & Sunaryo, S 2017, ‘Pengembangan Lembar Kerja Siswa (Lks) Fisika Untuk Melatih Kemampuan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi (High Order Thinking Skill) Siswa SMA’, WaPFi (Wahana Pendidikan Fisika), vol. 2.

Hendryarto, J 2013, ‘Penerapan Model Pembelajaran Inkuiri Untuk Melatih Kemampuan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Siswa Pada Materi Pokok Laju Reaksi (Implementation Inquiry Learning Model For Training High Order Thinking Skills Of The Students On Main Material Of Reaction Rate)’ UNESA Journal of Chemical Education, vol. 2, no. 2

Kereh, CT, Liliasari, L, Tjiang, PC, & Sabandar, J 2014, ‘Korelasi Penguasaan Materi Matematika Dasar Dengan Penguasaan Materi Pendahuluan Fisika Inti’, Indonesian Journal of Physics Education, vol.10, no. 2, pp. 140-149.

Kurniati, D, Harimukti, R, & Jamil, NA 2016, ‘Kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa SMP di kabupaten jember dalam menyelesaikan soal berstandar PISA’, Jurnal Penelitian dan Evaluasi Pendidikan, vol. 20, pp. 142-155.

Lopes, RP, Mesquita, C, Río-Rama, MDLC, & Álvarez-García, J 2018, ‘Collaborative learning experiences for the development of higher-order thinking’ Espacios, vol. 39.

Mustapa, K 2014, ‘Pengaruh Strategi Pembelajaran Online dan Ekspositori dengan Orientasi Tujuan Berbeda terhadap Kemampuan Berfikir Tingkat Tinggi Mahasiswa pada Mata Kuliah Kimia Dasar’, Jurnal Pendidikan Humaniora vol. 2, no.4, pp. 348-357.

Nurhayati, N & Angraeni, L 2017, ‘Analisis Kemampuan Berpikir Tingkat Tinggi Mahasiswa (Higher Order Thinking) dalam Menyelesaikan Soal Konsep Optika melalui Model Problem Based Learning’, Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, vol. 3, pp. 119 - 126.

Quale, A 2011, ‘On the role of mathematics in physics: a constructivist epistemic perspective’, Science & Education, vol. 20, pp. 609-624.

Rochman, S & Hartoyo, Z 2018, ‘Analisis High Order Thinking Skills (HOT) Taksonomi Menganalisis Permasalahan Fisika’, Science and Physics Education Journal (SPEJ), vol. 1, pp. 78-88.

Saido, GM, Siraj, S, Nordin, ABB, & Al Amedy, OS 2018, ‘Higher order thinking skills among secondary school students in science learning’, MOJES: Malaysian Online Journal of Educational Sciences, vol. 3, pp. 13-20.

Siswoyo, S & Sunaryo, S 2017, ‘High Order Thinking Skills: Analisis Soal dan Implementasinya dalam Pembelajaran Fisika di Sekolah Menengah Atas’, Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, vol. 3, pp. 11 - 20.

Thompson, T 2011, ‘An Analysis of Higher-Order Thinking on Algebra I End-of Course Tests’, International Journal for Mathematics Teaching & Learning.

Vijayaratnam, P 2009, ‘Cooperative learning as a means to developing students’ critical and creative thinking skills’, INTI Journal: Special Issue on Teaching and Learning, pp. 132-143.

Wang, S, Wang, H. 2014, ‘Teaching and Learning Higher Order Thinking’, International Journal of Arts & Sciences, vol. 7, pp. 179–187.

Wenno, IH 2015, ‘The Correlation Study of Interest at Physics and Knowledge of Mathematics Basic Concepts towards the Ability to Solve Physics Problems of 7th Grade Students at Junior High-School in Ambon Maluku Province, Indonesia’, Education Research International.

How to Cite
Rahmawati, A., Nisfah, N. L., & Kusairi, S. (2019). The Capability Analysis of High Order Thinking Skills (HOTS) on Dynamic Electricity Material in Junior High School. Jurnal Penelitian & Pengembangan Pendidikan Fisika, 5(2), 163 - 168.