Penerapan Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) Berbasis Pendekatan Saintifik untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Konsep pada Materi Pokok Kelarutan dan Hasil Kali Kelarutan

  • R Rafiuddin Jurusan Pendidikan Kimia Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Halu Oleo, Jalan Kampus Bumi Tridharma, Andunohu, Kambu, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia
  • Arniah Dali Jurusan Pendidikan Kimia Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Halu Oleo, Jalan Kampus Bumi Tridharma, Andunohu, Kambu, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia
  • La Ode Rusdi Anton Jurusan Pendidikan Kimia Fakultas Keguruan dan Ilmu Pendidikan, Universitas Halu Oleo, Jalan Kampus Bumi Tridharma, Andunohu, Kambu, Kendari, Sulawesi Tenggara, Indonesia

Abstract

Has conducted research that aims to determine the effectiveness of the application of models problem based learning based on a scientific approach to the mastery of concepts. The study design using pretest-posttest control group. The study population was divided into two parallel classes as many as 58 students. The sampling technique used technique. purposive sampling Samples of this research is class XI-IPA4 as an experimental class at 29 students and class XI IPA1 as the control class as many as 29 students. Research instruments to determine the characteristics of the concept of using the format of concept analysis and concept map format. Profile mastery of concepts using reasoned multiple choice test items as much as 10 numbers. Increasing mastery of the concept of using formula. The N-gain The effectiveness of learning using different test formula (t). As well as the responses of students using a questionnaire. Based on the analysis found the data: (1) There are 14 label concept in the   subject matter  solubility  and  solubility  product,  consisting  of  28%  concept  stating  abstract principles include:  Equilibrium  Solubility,  K o n s t a n t a  S o l u b i l i t y  P r o d u c t  (Ksp),  Q u o s i e n  S o l u b i l i t y P r o d u c t  (Qsp), and the electrolyte is difficult Late, there are 14.29% concept that states the size of the attributes include: temperature and degree of acidity (pH), as well  as 57.14% are concepts that  express  the process include: solubility, homogenity ion, Precipitation, electrolytes, electrolytes binary, ternary electrolytes, electrolytes Quaternary, Saturated solution; (2) Obtained comparisonmean score of post- test  the  highest  and  lowest  grade  students  mastery  of  concept  experiment  and control   class. Comparison of scores post-test highest, 97.04> 94.58 on the label Saturated Solution concept, while the scores compare post-test experimental class that is 72.70 lows on the label concept ternary electrolytes and 70.43% in the control group; (3) The N-Indexgain of 0.77 categorized experimental class  higher  than  the  control  class  was  0.70  category  being;  (4)  The  application  of models problem based learning based on experimental class scientific approach effectively improve the mastery of concepts students with post-test and N-gain sig. (2-tailed) <0,05, then effective to apply to groups of high and medium-ability students; (5) The application ofmodels problem based learning based on scientific approach has a good response with the percentage of 75.16%.

 Keywords

Problem Based Learning Model, Approach Scientific, Control Concepts, solubility and Solubility Product Constants

Published
2018-12-27
How to Cite
Rafiuddin, R., Dali, A., & Anton, L. O. R. (2018). Penerapan Model Problem Based Learning (PBL) Berbasis Pendekatan Saintifik untuk Meningkatkan Penguasaan Konsep pada Materi Pokok Kelarutan dan Hasil Kali Kelarutan. JRPK: Jurnal Riset Pendidikan Kimia, 8(2), 1 - 10. https://doi.org/10.21009/JRPK.082.01