Peranan Transformative Learning dalam Pendidikan Kimia: Pengembangan Karakter, Identitas Budaya, dan Kompetensi Abad ke-21
Chemical education not only focuses on developing students’ competencies in understanding chemistry concepts, but also students’ agency, character, and cultural competencies, especially in facing the challenges in the 21st century. Transformative learning focuses on transforming the beliefs, behaviors (attitudes), and emotions which integrating students’ self-critical reflection to develop holistic individuals both hard skills and soft skills. This paper provides the discussion of the roles of transformative learning in chemistry learning in developing students’ character, cultural identity, and 21st century skills. The writer and her research team have been working in conducting research by integrating competence of learners and provide for the strengthening of competencies against the social life learners in the basic principles of transformative learning. Several approaches that have been explored in the research are Social Emotional Learning (SEL), the Dilemmas Stories, Life Cycle Analysis, Socio-Critical Problem-Oriented, Culturally Responsive Teaching, and Science Technology Education Art and Mathematics (STEAM). Integration of transformative learning requires a fundamental paradigm change in the learning process by applying the fundamental principles of 1) constructivism as a referent, 2) empowering teacher-student relationship, and 3) dialectical thinking. Finally, the study is expected to contribute to the learning and research in chemical education which can be implemented by educators in the context and characteristics of chemistry learning.
Chemistry Education, Transformative Learning, 21 Century Skills, Character, Cultural Identity.