THE EFFECT OF 21ST CENTURY LEARNING MODELS AND DIVERGENT THINKING TO HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS IN PHYSICS SUBJECTS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL

  • Aji Saputra Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, 13220, Indonesia
  • I Made Astra Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, 13220, Indonesia
  • Yetti Supriyati Saefudin Program Studi Pendidikan Fisika, FMIPA, Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Jakarta, 13220, Indonesia

Abstract

Abstrak

Era globalisasi memberi dampak pada berbagai aspek kehidupan, salah satunya adalah dalam pelaksanaan pendidikan. Pendidikan hendaknya mampu menghasilkan sumberdaya manusia yang memiliki kompetensi abad-21. Tujuan dari penelitian ini adalah untuk mengetahui pengaruh dari model pembelajaran abad-21 dan berpikir divergen terhadap kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode Quasi Experiment, desain penelitian Treatment by level 2x2 dan terdapat 71 sampel yang dipilih dengan purposive sampling. Berpikir divergen dikelompokkan menjadi berpikir divergen tinggi dan rendah bertujuan untuk mengetahui pengaruh model pembelajaran terhadap tingkat berpikir divergen yang berbeda. Model pembelajaran abad-21 dibatasi yaitu kelas eksperimen diberi perlakuan menggunakan model Treffinger dan kelas kontrol diberi perlakuan dengan model Problem Based Learning. Pada penelitian ini diperoleh hasil uji-t sebesar 0,038 dan hasil uji anava 2 arah sebesar 0,04. Kesimpulan penelitian ini sebagai berikut: 1) ada perbedaan kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa yang diberi model Treffinger dan model Problem Based Learning, 2) ada pengaruh interaksi antara model pembelajaran dan berpikir divergen terhadap kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi siswa.

Kata-kata kunci: treffinger, berpikir divergen, kemampuan berpikir tingkat tinggi.

Abstract

Globalization has an impact on various aspects of life, one of them is in the implementation of education. Education should be able to produce human resources that have 21st century skills. The aim of this research is to determine the effect of 21st century learning models and divergent thinking to higher order thinking skills. This research used a quasi experiment method, treatment by level 2x2 research design and there are 71 samples selected by purposive sampling. Divergent thinking is divided into high and low divergent thinking to determine the effect of learning model on various levels of divergent thinking. The 21st century learning model is consist in that the experimental class is treated using the Treffinger model and the control class is treated with the Problem Based Learning model. In this study the results of the t-test were 0.038 and the results of the 2-way anava test were 0.04. The conclusions of this study are as follows: 1) there are differences in the ability of higher order thinking skills who are given the Treffinger model and the Problem Based Learning model, 2) there is an interaction effect between learning models and divergent thinking toward higher order thinking skills.

Keywords: treffinger, divergent thinking, higher order thinking skills.

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Published
2020-12-31
How to Cite
Saputra, A., Astra, I. M., & Saefudin, Y. S. (2020). THE EFFECT OF 21ST CENTURY LEARNING MODELS AND DIVERGENT THINKING TO HIGHER ORDER THINKING SKILLS IN PHYSICS SUBJECTS OF SENIOR HIGH SCHOOL. PROSIDING SEMINAR NASIONAL FISIKA (E-JOURNAL), 9(1). https://doi.org/10.21009/03.SNF2020.02.PF.01