Individual / Household Preparedness in Ujong Blang Village, Lhokseumawe in Facing Tsunami
The large number of victims during the 2004 tsunami in Aceh showed that community preparedness in facing the tsunami disaster was still low. Lhoksumawe is one of the cities in Aceh Province that is at high risk of tsunami disaster. Ujong Blang is one of the high-risk villages in Lhokseumawe. The purpose of this study was to determine the level of community preparedness in the Ujong Blang village in facing the tsunami disaster. The results of this study can be used as input for the Lhokseumawe government in determining policies related to disaster risk reduction, especially in community preparedness in facing the tsunami disaster. Community preparedness is measured using preparedness parameters developed by LIPI – UNESCO/ISDR. This research is a descriptive quantitative research with survey method. Multistage random sampling was applied as the sampling techniquewith a samplesize of 100 respondents. Data were analyzed using descriptive percentage method. The used theories refer to the preparednes parameters developed by LIPI-UNESCO. Based on data analysis, it can be concluded that the level of individual/household preparedness in facing tsunami disaster in Ujong Blang Village is in the medium/almost ready category with percentage of 49.5% and the preparedness index value of 225.05. The level of knowledge and attitude parameter was in the high/ready category with parameter value of 4.4 and percentage of 62%. On the other that, the parameters of policy and guidence; resource mobilization; disaster warning system; and emergency response plans were in the low/unprepared category with paramter value of 0,44 (70%); 0,98 (75%); 1,13 (70%); dan 1,58 (75%), respectively.