PEMBUATAN DAN KARAKTERISASI SIFAT FISIS ELEKTRODA KARBON DARI BUNGA RUMPUT GAJAH DITINJAU DARI PERBEDAAN UKURAN PARTIKEL
Preparation and characterization of physical properties of carbon electrode from flower of elephant grass has been analyzed with variations in particle size. Production of carbon electrodes was begun with pre-carbonization, grinding with hard grinder, grinding with ball milling and followed by sieving process. Variations in particle size selected of <38 Âµm milling continued during 20 hours, <38 Âµm (SB), and 39-52 Âµm (SC). All of the sample have been activated by chemical activating agent with NaOH at a concentration of 0,4 M. Carbonization process was performed at temperatures of 600ËšC in the gas environment N2 and followed by physical activation process by using a CO2 gas at a temperature of 850ËšC. Physical parameters such as mass, diameter and thickness of activated carbon electrodes was collected at a condition (i) before carbonization, (ii) after carbonization and (iii) after physical activation to found the density characteristic. The results of density data showed that the sample SA of <38 Âµm has a density value of 1,103 g/ cm3 , (ii) 0,869 g/cm3, (iii) 0,800 g/cm3, SB (i) 1,083 g/ cm3, (ii) 0,816 g/cm3, (iii) 0,728 g/cm3 and SC (i) 1,072 g/ cm3, (ii) 0,777 g/ cm3 and (iii) 0,599 g/ cm3, respectively. As a conclution, the particle size was varies inversely with the density. As an addition, the crystallographic analysis showed that the particle size is inversely proportional to the Lc value.
Keywords: particle size, physical characteristic, activated carbon, flower of elephant grass.