POLITENESS SOCIETY REGENCY OF FOUR LAWANG

  • Idawati Idawati
Keywords: politeness, strategies, principles of cooperation, function, cultural aspects

Abstract

This study aimed to describe in depth politeness of society of EmpatLawang district in South Sumatra. The focus of research is the politeness of society of  EmpatLawang. Sub focus of research includes: politeness strategies, principles of cooperation, the function of politeness and civility in terms of cultural aspects. This research is ethnography of communication. Techniques and procedures for data collection is done by observation, recordings, transcripts, and interviews. Verify the validity of the data is done with credibility, transferability, dependability, and comfirmability. Data analysis was done by transcribing recordings data into written form, then analyzed based on situations, events, and communicative action. Based on data analysis found that politeness of society of EmpatLawang district bith formally and informally expressed through: (1) positive and negative politeness strategies in accordance with the model of politeness Brown and Levinson; (2) the application of the principles of cooperation in accordance with the model of Grice's speech, although still a violation of the maxim; (3) the function of language as a medium to achieve the purpose of communication through asking, offers, orders/errand, and refused functions; (4) The cultural aspect is manifested in the form of verbal and nonverbal communication.



This study aimed to describe in depth politeness of society of EmpatLawang district in South Sumatra. The focus of research is the politeness of society of  EmpatLawang. Sub focus of research includes: politeness strategies, principles of cooperation, the function of politeness and civility in terms of cultural aspects. This research is ethnography of communication. Techniques and procedures for data collection is done by observation, recordings, transcripts, and interviews. Verify the validity of the data is done with credibility, transferability, dependability, and comfirmability. Data analysis was done by transcribing recordings data into written form, then analyzed based on situations, events, and communicative action. Based on data analysis found that politeness of society of EmpatLawang district bith formally and informally expressed through: (1) positive and negative politeness strategies in accordance with the model of politeness Brown and Levinson; (2) the application of the principles of cooperation in accordance with the model of Grice's speech, although still a violation of the maxim; (3) the function of language as a medium to achieve the purpose of communication through asking, offers, orders/errand, and refused functions; (4) The cultural aspect is manifested in the form of verbal and nonverbal communication.

Published
2017-06-01