ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURE AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF CeO2 AND Nd2O3 NANOPARTICLES

  • Hanif Yuliani Pusat Teknologi Material, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi, Gedung 224, Puspiptek, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15314, Indonesia
  • Rina Dewi Mayasari Pusat Teknologi Material, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi, Gedung 224, Puspiptek, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15314, Indonesia
  • Eryanti Kalembang Pusat Teknologi Material, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi, Gedung 224, Puspiptek, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15314, Indonesia
  • Yelvia Deni Pusat Teknologi Material, Badan Pengkajian dan Penerapan Teknologi, Gedung 224, Puspiptek, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15314, Indonesia
  • Defi Rahma Santi Program Studi Fisika, Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Jl. Soekarno-Hatta Km 15, Balikpapan, Kalimantan Timur 76127, Indonesia
  • Putri Widya Pangestika Program Studi Fisika, Institut Teknologi Kalimantan, Jl. Soekarno-Hatta Km 15, Balikpapan, Kalimantan Timur 76127, Indonesia
  • Setyo Purwanto Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Bahan Maju, Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional, Gedung 42, Puspiptek, Tangerang Selatan, Banten 15314, Indonesia
  • Bambang Sugeng Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Akselerator, Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional, Jl. Babarsari, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
  • Suyanti Suyanti Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Akselerator, Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional, Jl. Babarsari, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
  • Moch. Setyadji Pusat Sains dan Teknologi Akselerator, Badan Tenaga Nuklir Nasional, Jl. Babarsari, Yogyakarta 55281, Indonesia
Keywords: CeO2, Nd2O3, face-centered cubic, hexagonal, anti-microbe

Abstract

Cerium oxide (CeO2) and Neodymium oxide (Nd2O3) nanoparticles using local content have been synthesized by precipitation method. The CeO2 and Nd2O3 nanoparticles were characterized by X-Ray Diffraction (XRD) and Fourier Transform Infrared (FTIR) to analyze the material phase and structure. The XRD spectrum shows that CeO2 and Nd2O3 nanoparticles have face-centered cubic and hexagonal, and cubic, respectively. The anti-microbial activity of CeO2 and Nd2O3 nanoparticles was analyzed by diffusion method using gram-negative bacteria (E. coli, S. aureus, P. aeruginosa), and gram-positive bacteria (S. entericatyphi, L. monocyogenes), and fungus (C. albicans). The result confirms that CeO2 and Nd2O3 nanoparticles have the capability of microbial pathogen inhibition. The CeO2 nanoparticles have the effective activities of inhibition for the microbial of S. aureus and S. entericatyphi, whereas Nd2O3 nanoparticles can inhibit the microbial of P. aeruginosa, S. entericatyphi, and  L. monocyogenes.

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Published
2019-12-30
How to Cite
Yuliani, H., Mayasari, R. D., Kalembang, E., Deni, Y., Santi, D. R., Pangestika, P. W., Purwanto, S., Sugeng, B., Suyanti, S., & Setyadji, M. (2019). ANALYSIS OF STRUCTURE AND ANTIMICROBIAL ACTIVITY OF CeO2 AND Nd2O3 NANOPARTICLES. Spektra: Jurnal Fisika Dan Aplikasinya, 4(3), 105 - 112. https://doi.org/10.21009/SPEKTRA.043.01