Communal Feast Slametan: ‎ Belief System, Ritual, and the Ideal of Javanese Society

  • Ahmad Hakam Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Abstract

This paper focuses on the Javanese Muslims religious belief and its ritual, slametan, ‎which is prevalently performed in Java. This ritual is of great significance to the ‎Javanese Muslim community, and is counted as syncretistic ritual of Islamic and the ‎Javanese traditions. The ritual is though analysed in relation to the society ideal of unity ‎and harmony as the standard set for the indicator that the life of people is in order and ‎in a slamet condition or ‘nothing happens’. This paper argues that this ceremony is the ‎main ritual among Javanese Muslims which to a large extent reflects and symbolises the ‎religious belief, slamet principle of the people living together, and having strong ‎awareness of others. This ideal in the end conceives some element of sacredness which ‎has the influence on the relationship between individual and social behaviour.‎

References

Beatty, Andrew, Varieties of Javanese Religion. Cambridge: Cambridge University Press, ‎‎1999.‎

Budijanto, Bambang, Development in Rural Indonesia. Oxford: Regnum, 2009.‎

Durkheim, Emile, The Elementary Forms of Religious Life, trans. J.W. Swain, London, ‎‎1915.‎

Geertz, Clifford, Religion of Java. Chicago: The Chicago University Press, 1960.‎

Geertz, Clifford, ‘Religious Belief and Economic Behaviour in a Central Javanese Town: ‎Some Preliminary Considerations’ in Hamiltion, ed. Critical Assessment Max Weber ‎volume 1 pp. 259-301. Routledge. Available at ‎http://books.google.com/books?id=p84OAAAAQAAJ&pg=PA264&dq=slametan+‎sacred&lr= accessed on 16 March 2009 at 22.17., 1991.‎

Headley, Stephen C., Durga’s Mosque: Cosmology, Conversion and Community in ‎Central Javanese Islam. Singapore: ISEAS, 2004.‎

Hilmy, Masdar, ‘Islam and Javanese Acculturation: Textual and Contextual Analysis of ‎the Slametan Ritual’ (Master Thesis, McGill University). Available online at ‎http://www.collectionscanada.gc.ca/obj/s4/f2/dsk2/ftp03/MQ50521.pdf accessed ‎on 19 March 2009 at 21.26., 1999.‎

Kim, Hyung-Jun, Reformist Muslims in A Yogyakarta Village: The Islamic Transformation ‎of Contemporary Socio-Religious Life. Canberra: ANU E Press, 2007.‎

Koentjaraningrat, R. M., Javanese Culture. Singapore: Oxford University Press, 1985.‎

Lapidus, Ira, Islamic Societies to the Nineteenth Century: A Global History. Cambridge: ‎Cambridge University Press, 2012.‎

Möller, André, ‘Islam and Traweh Prayers in Java: Unity, Diversity and Cultural ‎Smoothness’ anpere e-journal for the study of anthropology of religion. Available at ‎http://www.anpere.net/2006/7.pdf accessed on16 March 2009 at 23.30., 2006.‎

Mulder, Niels, Mysticism in Java: Ideology in Indonesia. Amsterdam: The Pepin Press, ‎‎1998.‎

Robinson, Kathryn May, Gender, Islam, and Demeocracy in Indonesia. ASAA somen in ‎Asia Series.‎

Ritchie, J. and Jane Lewis, Qualitative Research Practice: A Guide for Social Science ‎Students and Researchers. London: SAGE Publications. ‎

Vickers, Adrian, A History of Modern Indonesia. Cambridge: Cambridge University ‎Press, 2005.‎

Woodward, Mark, Java, Indonesia and Islam. London: Springer, 2011.‎

Yumarma, Andreas, Unity in Diversity: A Philosophical and Ethical Study of the Javanese ‎Concept of Keselarasan. Rome: Pontifical Gregorian University, 1996.‎
Published
2017-01-30
How to Cite
HAKAM, Ahmad. Communal Feast Slametan: ‎ Belief System, Ritual, and the Ideal of Javanese Society. Hayula: Indonesian Journal of Multidisciplinary Islamic Studies, [S.l.], v. 1, n. 1, p. 97-111, jan. 2017. ISSN 2548-9860. Available at: <http://journal.unj.ac.id/unj/index.php/hayula/article/view/953>. Date accessed: 25 sep. 2017. doi: https://doi.org/10.21009/hayula.001.1.06.
Citation Formats

Most read articles by the same author(s)

Obs.: This plugin requires at least one statistics/report plugin to be enabled. If your statistics plugins provide more than one metric then please also select a main metric on the admin's site settings page and/or on the journal manager's settings pages.