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Submission Preparation Checklist

As part of the submission process, authors are required to check off their submission's compliance with all of the following items, and submissions may be returned to authors that do not adhere to these guidelines.
  • The submission has not been previously published, nor is it before another journal for consideration (or an explanation has been provided in Comments to the Editor).
  • The submission file is in OpenOffice, Microsoft Word, or RTF document file format.
  • Where available, URLs for the references have been provided.
  • The manuscript is typed using Microsoft Words (doc/docx) with the following format: Times New Roman font, scale 100, no spacing position in A4 paper with space of 0.96 inches top, 1.18 inches left, 1.18 inches right, and 1.18 inches bottom, single space.
  • The text adheres to the stylistic and bibliographic requirements outlined in the Author Guidelines.

Author Guidelines

Editorial Process:

Peer Review

Submissions are assessed by the Editorial Board and are subject to external peer review using the single blind method whereby the authors are blinded to the identity of the reviewers and editors. The journal returns a decision on a peer-reviewed paper in one to two weeks. All decisions made by an Editor-in-Chief and a Managing Editor are final.

Your Article

Structure, ensure the submission is structured as requested by the journal, and contains all relevant sections

Title page, all submissions must have a title page stating all of the relevant information

All submissions should follow the journal guidelines for word count, page margins and line numbering.

Non-native English speakers are encouraged to have their manuscript professionally edited before submission. This is particular key for revised submissions. 

Data accuracy is crucial. Authors are strongly encouraged to double check all reported data for accuracy and to confirm that all units of measurement are correct and consistent.

Please see ‘References’ of the journal’s required style.

All figures and tables should be presented in a clear and informative manner with accompanying legends.

All articles are required to meet the requirements outlined in our ethical policy

Before Submitting

Approval ensure all authors have seen and approved the final version of the article prior to submission. All authors must also approve the journal you are submitting to.

Open Access, the appropriate Open Access option must be selected on submission. Authors are responsible for ensuring any funder mandates are followed.

Uploading your submission

All authors must be listed on the title page 

The cover letter should introduce your paper and outline why your work is important and suitable publication at this time.

Ensure all files are in the correct format for revised submissions.  Ensure all figures and table files are present and correct, and that they display clearly.


The article should follow these Author Guidelines

Declaration of interest

Actual or perceived conflicts of interest for all authors must be declared in full.


Please be as brief as possible.

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