KEPRIBADIAN REAL SELF DAN IDEAL SELF TOKOH UTAMA PADA NOVEL GORNATHOH KARYA RADWA ASHOUR (Kajian Psikologi Sastra)

  • Muhammad Iqbal Universitas Negeri Jakarta
  • Endry Boeriswati Universitas Negeri Jakarta
  • Zuriyati Zuriyati Universitas Negeri Jakarta
Keywords: Novel, Real Self and Ideal Self Personality Behavior

Abstract

Abstrak
Novel Gornathoh karya Radwa Ashour memaparkan tentang konflik antar penguasa yang
menjajah negeri Granada dan otoritas Castile memerintahkan untuk memeluk agama
Katolik dan meninggalkan bahasa Arab yang digantikan menggunakan bahasa Castile,
yang diulas menggunakan kajian psikologi sastra. Tujuan penelitian ini adalah (1)
representasi tingkah laku kepribadian real self dan ideal self, dan (2) bentuk kekuatan dan
kelemahan inferiority complex pada kepribadian real self dan ideal self pada tokoh utama
pada novel Gornathoh karya Radwa Ashour. Penelitian ini menggunakan metode analisis
isi dengan pendekatan kualitatif. Teknik pengumpulan data yang dilakukan dengan
content analysis. Uji validasi data menggunakan triangulasi data, teori, dan metode. Hasil
penelitian ini tokoh Salemah ditemukan kepribadian real self sebanyak 3 temuan,
kepribadian ideal self sebanyak 9 temuan. Kepribadian yang mendominasi tokoh Salemah
adalah ideal self namun cenderung melemah. Tokoh Hasan ditemukan kepribadian real
self sebanyak 8 temuan, kepribadian ideal self sebanyak 7 temuan. Kepribadian tokoh
Hasan adalah kepribadian yang seimbang antara real self dengan ideal self. Tokoh Saad
ditemukan kepribadian real self sebanyak 16 temuan, kepribadian ideal self sebanyak 6
temuan. Kepribadian tokoh Saad adalah kepribadian real self. Tokoh Naem ditemukan
kepribadian real self sebanyak 8 temuan, kepribadian ideal self sebanyak 13 temuan.
Kepribadian tokoh Naem adalah kepribadian yang mendominasi ideal self.
Keyword : Novel, Kepribadian real self dan ideal self

Abstract
Gornathoh Novel by Radwa Ashour explains about conflict of inter-ruler who colonize
Granada country and Castile authority order to believe on Chatolic and leave Arabic
language to be switched to Castile language, which is reviewed by literature psychology
study. This study explains and describe (1) the representation of main character real self
and ideal self personality behavior, (2) the form of strengths and weaknesses of
inferiority complex to main character ideal self and real self personality. This study is
performed using content analysis with qualitative approach. Content wanalysis is used
for collecting data technique. Data validation test is using data triangulation, theory, and
methode. This study results Salemah character found real self personality as much as 3
findings, ideal self personality as much as 9 findings. The character of Salemah is the
ideal self but tends to weaken. Hasan character found real self personality as much as 8
findings, self ideal personality as much as 7 findings. Hasan's personality is a balanced
personality between real self and ideal self. Saad character found real self personality as
much as 16 findings, ideal self personality as much as 6 findings. Dominates the
character of Saad is real self personality. Naem character found self real as much as 8
findings, ideal self personality as much as 13 findings. Dominates the character of Naem
is ideal self.
Keyword : Novel, Real Self and Ideal Self Personality Behavior

Author Biographies

Muhammad Iqbal, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Program Pascasarjana S2

Endry Boeriswati, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Program Pascasarjana

Zuriyati Zuriyati, Universitas Negeri Jakarta

Universitas Negeri Jakarta, Program Pascasarjana

Published
2017-07-02