Muhammadiyah dan NU: Penjaga Moderatisme Islam di Indonesia

  • Zakiya Darajat UIN Jakarta
Keywords: Moderatism, Islam in Indonesia, Muhammadiyah, Nahdlatul Ulama

Abstract

Islam has been expressed through its adherents in many ways. Sometimes the expression has been judged as hard and even arrogant. This is not the case with Islam in Indonesia which has been shown more friendly expression of Islam. However, the radical movements have challenged this peaceful image of Islam in Indonesian. The research which mainly utilized the library sources has concludes that Islam in Indonesia is still considered to be a moderate Islam and in this case, Muhammadiyah and Nahdlatul Ulama are two organizations which can be seen as the guardians of Islamic moderatism in Indonesia. 

References

DZ, A. M. (2013). Piagam Perjuangan Kebangsaan. Jakarta: PBNU.
Jurd, S. (2010). Muhammadiyah dalam Dinamika Politik Indonesia 1966-2006. Yogyakarta: Pustaka Pelajar.
Noer, D. (1996). Gerakan Modern Islam di Indonesia 1900-1942. Jakarta : LP3ES.
Rahmat, M. I. (2003). Islam Pribumi, Islam Indonesia. Jakarta: Erlangga.
Umar, N. (2013, April 5). Islam Moderat. Jurnalnasional.com.
Azra, A. (1999). Renaisans Islam Asia Tenggara; Sejarah Wacana dan Kekuasaan. Bandung: Remaja Rosdakarya.
Azra, A. (2000). Tinjauan Teologis-Historis, dalam ‎Rekonstruksi Gerakan Muhammadiyah pada Era Multiperadaban. Yogyakarta: ‎UII Press.
Bruinessen, M. V. (2009). NU; Tradisi Relasi –Relasi Kuasa, Pencarian Wacana Baru. Yogyakarta: LkiS.
Burhani , A. N. (2008, Februari). Islam Moderat Adalah Sebuah Paradoks, dalam Muhammadiyah Studies. Jurnal Ma’arif, Vol. 3, No. I.
Esposito, J. L. (1998). Islam and Politics. New York: Syracuse University.
Fealy, G. (2004). Islamic Radicalism in Indonesia; the Faltering Revival. (Institute of ‎Southeast Asian Studies). http://www.jstor.org/stable/27913255.
Hizbut Tahrir Indonesia. (t.thn.). Gerakan Islam Moderat. http://hizbut-tahrir.or.id.
Johnson, J. T. (1997). The Holy War Idea in Western and Islamic Tradition (terjemahan). Yogyakarta: Qalam.
Khadduri, M. (2006). War and Peace in The Law of Islam. New jersey: The John ‎Hopkins University Press.
Ma’arif, A. S. (2000). Tinjauan Teologis, dalam ‎Rekonstruksi Gerakan Muhammadiyah pada Era Multiperadaban. Yogyakarta: UII Press.
Ma’arif ‎, A. S. (1995).
http://id.facebook.Dunia Pengetahuan.
Pribadi , A., & Haryono, M. Y. (2002). ,Post Islam Liberal. Jakarta: Gugus ‎Press.
Samudra, I. (2004). Aku Melawan Teroris. Solo: Jazeera.
Steenbrink, K. (1984). Beberapa Aspek Tentang Islam di Indonesia Abad ke-19. Jakarta: Bulan Bintang.
www/google.com/cmm.cairo.
Published
2017-01-30